Ten reflections on
grace are as
1. Grace is God’s favor and love poured out generally on
humankind, and on individuals – since God is gracious.
2. Grace is God’s forgiveness of sin – since God is
3. Grace is God’s indwelling within the person of
4. Grace is God’s personal self-communication to humankind
generally, and to each individual human being. It is God’s being-present within, as the fulfillment and salvation of human
5. Grace is totally and
absolutely gratuitous, and God’s communication of God’s own personal self.
6. Grace is synonymous with salvation; it constitutes union with
7. Grace – or God’s self-communication – responds to and
overcomes sin and death. In relation to sin, God’s presence as grace is forgiveness and acceptance of humanity, and
of each individual. In relation to death, grace is the foretaste of resurrection and the promise of eternal
8. Grace is Jesus Christ and the Spirit of God.
9. Grace may be interpreted in four ways as
a. Grace is first and foremost God’s self-communication and
presence to human existence.
b. The offer of grace is constitutive of the actual condition
of human existence (God’s presence, as an offer of salvation, is part of the very condition of a human existence
whose salvation God wills from the beginning).
c. The universality of grace exists on the basis of the
universality of God’s saving will (the whole sphere of human life, even in its most secular aspects, is potentially
“graced” which breaks down barriers separating the Church and the world, and unveils to Christian vision a kingdom
of grace beyond the Church).
d. People do experience grace (in and as experiences of genuine
10. The effects of
a. Freedom from sin.
b. Freedom to love.
c. Cooperative grace.
d. Union with God.
Haight, “Grace”, in The New
Dictionary of Catholic Spirituality, ed. M. Downey (Collegeville: The Liturgical Press, 1993),
452-464. All ten points listed have been taken from this article.
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